Agapanthus, The Queen of Nile Plant and Her 3 Demands

Queen of Nile Plant Agapanthus, also known as African lily and lily of the Nile, is a remarkable summer-flowering bulb that can transform any Southern garden.

queen of nile plant

Originally from South Africa, this elegant plant boasts strap-like leaves that make for excellent ground cover, while its conspicuous flowers bloom throughout the summer.

Understanding the Queen of Nile Plant 

Queen of Nile Plant – Agapanthus Orientalis – is a perennial lily that belongs to the same botanical family as amaryllis and daffodil, making it just as striking.

Despite being non-native, it is considered a Florida-Friendly plant, offering both low-maintenance care and refuge for wildlife.

queen of nile plant

When left undisturbed, Queen of Nile Plant Agapanthus multiplies to form large clumps, which are visually stunning in landscape beds or containers.

While individual plants typically reach a maximum width of 2 feet, clumps can eventually fill entire beds.

The blooms, available in blue, lavender, purple, and white, are perfect for highly visible spaces in your garden.

Positioned atop a single stalk, these flower clusters bloom 2-4 feet above the ground during the summer.

The seed pods that follow the flowering are almost as attractive as the flowers themselves.


queen of nile plant

Both the standard and dwarf varieties of Queen of Nile Plant Agapanthus make excellent ground covers or accent plants for areas with full sun or partial shade.

Notable cultivars include ‘Albus,’ featuring white flowers; ‘Flore Pleno,’ with double flowers; ‘Variegatus,’ displaying striped leaves; and ‘Nanus,’ a compact dwarf form.

If you’re seeking breathtaking blue blooms, consider the Ever Sapphire™, a stunning semi-dwarf cultivar.

What The Queen of Nile Plant Demands

1. Her Habitat

Queen of Nile Plant Agapanthus is a resilient plant that can grow in a range of conditions, from partial shade to full sun, from drought to sandy soil.

It can also adapt to different soil pH levels, but it prefers moist and organic soil.

This plant, native to South Africa, has delicate-looking flowers that come in shades of blue, purple, white and pink.

queen of nile plant

2. Her Time

But as you grow Queen of Nile Plant Agapanthus in your garden, don’t expect it to bloom right in the first spring.

It may take up to two or three years for the plant to establish itself and start producing flowers.

To help it along, you need to mimic its natural climate, which is sunny and rainy in the growing season and dry and cool in the dormant season. 

In Florida, for example, you should plant Queen of Nile Plant Agapanthus in full sun and water it lightly from spring to fall.

Avoid watering it in winter, when it is resting. You can also boost its flowering by improving the soil quality and keeping the plants in dense clumps, or stands.

Queen of Nile Plant Agapanthus likes to be crowded and undisturbed. If you want to divide the clumps, do it in fall, but be prepared for less flowers.

queen of nile plant

Her Bodyguards

Queen of Nile Plant Agapanthus is not very bothered by pests, but you may see some leaf damage from chewing or boring insects.

The main disease threat is botrytis fungus, which can affect the plant in humid areas of the eastern U.S.

To prevent this, you should choose disease-resistant cultivars for your region.

When planting, space individual Queen of Nile Plant Agapanthus plants 18-24 inches apart. Established plants can be propagated through clump division or seed.

7 Keys To Serving The Queen of Nile Plant

  1. The plant needs at least six hours of sun a day to flower well.
  2. It prefers slightly acidic soil.
  3. Regular water in the growing season, less during dormant.
  4. Use slow-release fertilizer to feed her once or twice a year.
  5. High-nitrogen fertilizers induce more leaves than flowers.
  6. Repotting every two to three years.
  7. Protect from the wind and keep warm in winter.

Now armed with the knowledge on how to grow and care for the Queen of Nile (African lily), I hope you can be confident to take care of her and please leave us a comment on how you think about this post! Happy gardening!